Monoammonium phosphate: effect on flammability of excelsior and pine needles
Document Type: Book
Author(s): Aylmer David Blakely
Publication Year: 1983

Cataloging Information

  • cellulose
  • chemical compounds
  • chemistry
  • combustion
  • energy
  • fire danger rating
  • fire hazard reduction
  • fire management
  • fire retardants
  • fire suppression
  • flammability
  • forest management
  • forest products
  • fuel management
  • hardwood forests
  • needles
  • phosphate
  • pine forests
  • Pinus ponderosa
  • Populus
  • rate of spread
  • statistical analysis
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: March 5, 2019
FRAMES Record Number: 38770
Tall Timbers Record Number: 13383
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: A13.78:INT-313 DDW
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


The study quantified differences between fire-retarding abilities of monoammonium phosphate samples from five different sources. Ponderosa pine needles and aspen excelsior fuel beds were spray-treated with different levels of chemical solutions, dried, and burned under controlled laboratory conditions. Flame spread and energy release rates were used for comparions. All five monoammonium phosphate samples proved to be equally effective.

Blakely, A. D. 1983. Monoammonium phosphate: effect on flammability of excelsior and pine needles. Research Paper INT-313. Ogden, UT, USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station.