Prescribed burning is useful in managing pine-oak forests the Pine Region of southern New Jersey. It favors reproduction of pine by preparing suitable seedbeds ; it checks the development of hardwood reproduction; and it protects against wildfires by reducing the amount of fuel on the forest floor (3, 5, 6). Prescribed burns are now being used on both State and private lands in southern New Jersey. Foresters select the areas to be treated, map the operations, and suggest other silvicultural practices and improvements (such as roads and firebreaks) to be used in conjunction with the burning treatments. The actual burning is done by trained crews whose wages are paid by the owner. The State Department of Conservation recommends qualified crews, and all burning is done under permits issued by this Department.