The fire and fire surrogates study: providing guidelines for fire in future watershed management decisions
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): Carleton B. Edminster; C. Phillip Weatherspoon; Daniel G. Neary
Editor(s): Peter F. Ffolliott; Malchus B. Baker Jr.; Carleton B. Edminster; Madelyn C. Dillon; Karen L. Mora
Publication Year: 2000

Cataloging Information

  • Arizona
  • biomass
  • Carya
  • coastal vegetation
  • coniferous forests
  • dead fuels
  • disturbance
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • education
  • fire frequency
  • fire hazard reduction
  • fire intensity
  • fire regimes
  • fire size
  • Florida
  • fuel accumulation
  • fuel types
  • hardwood forests
  • hydrology
  • land management
  • live fuels
  • low intensity burns
  • Montana
  • multiple resource management
  • Nevada
  • New Mexico
  • northern California
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • overstory
  • Piedmont
  • pine forests
  • Pinus elliottii
  • Pinus ponderosa
  • public information
  • Quercus
  • sampling
  • Sierra Nevada
  • South Carolina
  • statistical analysis
  • thinning
  • Washington
  • watershed management
  • wildfires
  • wildlife
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: February 19, 2019
FRAMES Record Number: 37923
Tall Timbers Record Number: 12446
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: A13.151/5:13
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


As part of the 1998 Joint USDA/USDI Fire Science Program, the Fire and Fire Surrogates Study was proposed to establish and evaluate cross-comparisons of fuels treatment practices and techniques to reduce wildfire risk. This study evaluates prescribed fire, thinning, and various mechanical treatment methods for treating, removing, or using woody biomass. Site-specific and study-wide evaluations will assess watershed impacts, soil disturbance, vegetation responses, wildlife changes, ecological consequences, social impacts, economics, and potential effects on wildfire size, severity, and cost. The study design is flexible to address local treatment variations and effects and will be installed at 10 locations representative of Interior Washington-Oregon, Northern California, Sierra Nevada, Rocky Mountain, Southwest Ponderosa Pine, Southern Pine, and mixed hardwood-oak forest ecosystems. This paper outlines the study components and discusses the potential for providing guidance on the treatment of fuels and use of fire for future watershed management decisions. A team of scientists and land managers, with support from the USDA/USDI Joint Fire Science Program (http:///, is designing a integrated national network of long-term research sites to address this need. The steering group and other participants in this national Fire and Fire Surrogates (FF5) study represent federal and state agencies, universities, and private entities, from a wide range of disciplines and geographic regions. The study will use a common experimental design to promote broad applicability of results.

Online Link(s):
Edminster, C. B., C. P. Weatherspoon, and D. G. Neary. 2000. The fire and fire surrogates study: providing guidelines for fire in future watershed management decisions, in Ffolliott, P. F., Baker, M. B., Edminster, C. B., Dillon, M. C., and Mora, K. L., Land Stewardship in the 2st Century: the Contribution of Watershed Management: Conference Proceedings. Tucson, AZ. USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station,Fort Collins, CO. p. 312-315,Proceedings RMRS-P-13. http:/