Planning and executing prescribed burns to conform to endangered species act requirements
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): J. L. Murphy; F. T. Cole
Editor(s): J. M. Greenlee
Publication Year: 1997

Cataloging Information

  • air quality
  • education
  • fine fuels
  • foliage
  • fuel moisture
  • humidity
  • ignition
  • livestock
  • mopping up
  • Native Americans
  • natural resource legislation
  • Oregon
  • public information
  • spot fires
  • temperature
  • threatened and endangered species (animals)
  • threatened and endangered species (plants)
  • Viola
  • wilderness fire management
  • wildlife habitat management
  • wind
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: July 24, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 37859
Tall Timbers Record Number: 12380
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


From the text... "Futurist biologists have stated that the success of Endangered and Threatened Species recovery programs is not to keep habitats in original and/or untouched conditions (De Blieu 1993). A practical goal is to "Reshape habitats so they can exist in a thickly populated, heavily developed, economically expanding nation” (De Blieu 1993). Thus, in the future more and more critical habitat will be in the urban-rural-wildland interface where homes and other developments are vulnerable to wildfire damage or loss. Leaving the habitat "untouched at any cost” which is the goal of some State Fish and Game Departments may well result in tremendous fuel buildups and eventually disastrous conflagrations (Gilman 1994). We think prescribe burning offers a powerful management tool to help "reshape habitats,” help species recovery programs, and prevent conflagrations at the urban-wildland interface. If you’ve stayed tuned, back to the Oregon Silverspot Butterfly and our scrubbed prescribed burn. Did we have to eat the $1,000.00 we had invested in planning and preparing for the burn in what turned out to be Butterfly habitat? No indeed. We did our research. We found that historically Native Americans and early European settlers burned periodically to improve the land for farming and raising livestock. Burning improved the habitat for the Western Dog Violet (Viola adunca) whose foliage provided the only food source for the larvae of the Oregon Silverspot Butterfly. When we presented this evidence to the Fish and Game Officials our burning permit was renewed and our contract burn went off without a hitch. And we joined the elite ranks of the guys in white hats, the heroes who contributed to the recovery of critical habitat supporting rare and endangered species.”

Murphy, J. L., and F. T. Cole. 1997. Planning and executing prescribed burns to conform to endangered species act requirements, in Greenlee, J. M., Proceedings: First Conference on Fire Effects on Rare and Endangered Species and Habitats. Coeur d'Alene, Idaho. International Association of Wildland Fire,Fairfield, WA. p. 97-100,