From the text...'Wildland firefighting is arduous work, performed for long shifts in difficult environmental conditions. The work can be dangerous, due to the fire and the working conditions. Heat, smoke, rolling rocks, falling snags, and other hazards threaten the worker. Those hazards include mountain travel, sharp tools, heavy loads, and aerial operations. Fatigue can impair performance and decision making, increasing the risk of injuries. Prolonged exposure to fatigue, stress,smoke, and poor nutrition has the potential to increase the incidence of upper respiratory illness and other illnesses. Since the 1960's, the Missoula Technology and Development Center (MTDC) has been involved in projects related to the health and safety of wildland firefighters...The National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG) coordinates wildfire activities among federal and State agencies throughout the United States. Its Safety nd Health Working Team (SHWT) oversees the safety and health of wildland fighters. On April 27 to 29, 1999, the SHWT and MTDC cosponsored a national conference to explore the ways to enhance the health and safety of wildland firefighters. The conference, held in Missoula, featured invited speakers, panel discussions, and open forums designed to identify and discuss current and emerging issues...This report includes the papers presented at the conference, and the recommendations of the conference participants.'