Response of free-burning fires to nonsteady wind
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): F. A. Albini
Publication Year: 1982

Cataloging Information

  • fire frequency
  • fire hazard reduction
  • fire management
  • fire suppression
  • fuel appraisal
  • fuel management
  • fuel models
  • rate of spread
  • spot fires
  • wildfires
  • wildland fuels
  • wind
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 37244
Tall Timbers Record Number: 11692
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File DDW
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


A speculative, phenomenological model is formulated for the time-varying intensity and spread rate of a free-burning fire under the influence of nonsteady wind. The model is linearized by approximations and explicit solutions derived for the amplitude response of spread rate and intensity as a function of the frequency of windspeed variations. Stylistic descriptions of typical wildland fuels are used to generate examples. The responses predicted for these fuels are intuitively satisfactory. The only directly observable feature of fire behaviour predicted by the model is an inferred periodicity for the issuance of billows of smoke as the fire alternately races and pauses in response to the low-frequency variations (<0.05 Hz) in windspeed. ('This manuscript was written and prepared by an employee of the U.S. Government on official time and is therefore in the public domain.')

Albini, F. A. 1982. Response of free-burning fires to nonsteady wind. Combustion Science and Technology, v. 29, p. 225-241.