Effects of invasive alien plants on fire regimes
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Matthew L. Brooks; Carla M. D'Antonio; David M. Richardson; James B. Grace; Jon E. Keeley; Joseph M. DiTomaso; Richard J. Hobbs; Michael L. Pellant; David A. Pyke
Publication Year: 2004

Cataloging Information

  • Aquila chrysaetos
  • biodiversity
  • Bromus rubens
  • Centrocercus urophasianus
  • change
  • climatology
  • communities
  • community
  • conservation
  • control
  • crown fires
  • disturbance
  • dominance
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • ecosystems
  • Falco spp.
  • fire frequency
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • fire regimes
  • flammability
  • frequency
  • fuel loading
  • fuel management
  • fuel types
  • game birds
  • grasslands
  • ignition
  • intensity
  • interactions
  • introduced species
  • invasion
  • invasive species
  • Lepus californicus
  • moisture
  • native species
  • natural areas management
  • non-native plants
  • plant communities
  • plant physiology
  • raptors
  • season of fire
  • shrublands
  • Spermophilus spp.
  • surface fires
  • topography
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 3714
Tall Timbers Record Number: 17848
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Plant invasions are widely recognized as significant threats to biodiversity conservation worldwide. One way invasions can affect native ecosystems is by changing fuel properties, which can in turn affect fire behavior and, ultimately, alter fire regime characteristics such as frequency, intensity, extent, type, and seasonality of fire. If the regime changes subsequently promote the dominance of the invaders, then an invasive plant-fire regime cycle can be established. As more ecosystem components and interactions are altered, restoration of preinvasion conditions becomes more difficult. Restoration may require managing fuel conditions, fire regimes, native plant communities, and other ecosystem properties in addition to the invaders that caused the changes in the first place. We present a multiphase model describing the interrelationships between plant invaders and fire regimes, provide a system for evaluating the relative effects of invaders and prioritizing them for control, and recommend ways to restore preinvasion fire regime properties.

Online Link(s):
Brooks, Matthew L.; D'Antonio, Carla M.; Richardson, David M.; Grace, James B.; Keeley, Jon E.; DiTomaso, Joseph M.; Hobbs, Richard J.; Pellant, Mike; Pyke, David. 2004. Effects of invasive alien plants on fire regimes. Bioscience 54(7):677-688.