Document


Title

Potential impacts of climate change on fire regimes in the tropics based on MAGICC and a GISS GCM-derived lightning model
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Johann Georg Goldammer; Colin Price
Publication Year: 1998

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • Africa
  • agriculture
  • Andropogon virginicus
  • bibliographies
  • boreal forests
  • carbon dioxide
  • catastrophic fires
  • Central America
  • climate change
  • cover type conversion
  • deforestation
  • disturbance
  • droughts
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • ENSO - El Nino Southern Oscillation
  • evapotranspiration
  • evergreens
  • fire adaptations (plants)
  • fire frequency
  • fire intensity
  • fire management
  • fire regimes
  • fire size
  • fragmentation
  • fuel loading
  • grasses
  • Hakea sericea
  • human caused fires
  • Imperata
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • introduced species
  • invasive species
  • land management
  • land use
  • lightning
  • lightning caused fires
  • Melaleuca quinquenervia
  • Mexico
  • montane forests
  • Pennisetum
  • Pinus
  • plant communities
  • Poa
  • post-fire recovery
  • precipitation
  • savannas
  • South America
  • Southeast Asia
  • species diversity (plants)
  • storms
  • temperature
  • tropical forests
  • tropical regions
  • wildfires
Region(s):
  • International
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: October 8, 2021
FRAMES Record Number: 36867
Tall Timbers Record Number: 11288
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

Investigations of the ecological, atmospheric chemical, and climatic impacts of contemporary fires in tropical vegetation have received increasing attention during the last 10 years. Little is known, however, about the impacts of climate changes on tropical vegetation and wildland fires. This paper summarizes the main known interactions of fire, vegetation, and atmosphere. Examples of predictive models on the impacts of climate change on the boreal and temperate zones are given in order to highlight the possible impacts on the tropical forest and savanna biomes and to demonstrate parameters that need to be involved in this process. Response of tropical vegetation fire is characterized by degradation towards xerophytic and pyrophytic plant communities dominated by grasses and fire-tolerant tree and bush invaders. The potential impacts of climate change on tropical fire regimes are investigated using a GISS GCM-based lightning and fire model and the Model for the Assessment of Greenhouse Gas-Induced Climate Change (MAGICC).

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Goldammer, J. G., and C. Price. 1998. Potential impacts of climate change on fire regimes in the tropics based on MAGICC and a GISS GCM-derived lightning model. Climatic Change, v. 39, p. 273-296.