Document


Title

Fire and disease
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): J. R. Hardison
Publication Year: 1976

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
agriculture; Agrostis tenuis; air quality; Arceuthobium; Australia; burning permits; Canada; Claviceps purpurea; Cronartium fusiforme; croplands; Cynodon dactylon; diseases; Festuca arundinacea; Festuca rubra; fire equipment; fire frequency; fire management; firing techniques; fuel management; fungi; Gloeotinia temulenta; grass fires; grasses; human caused fires; Idaho; insects; Lolium perenne; longleaf pine; Minnesota; Oregon; pine; pine forests; Pinus palustris; plant diseases; Rhizina; Rhizina undulata; Scirrhia acicola; site treatments; slash; Washington; wood
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 36579
Tall Timbers Record Number: 10968
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Tall Timbers shelf
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

From the Summary ... 'Prescribed surface fire in southern pine forests controls brown spot (Scirrhia acicola) of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) and fusiform rust (Cronartium fusiforme) of southern pines. Rhizina root rot and many wood rots are favored by fire. Additional research is needed to determine the beneficial or detrimental effects of various types of forest fires on diseases, so that this information can be used in high-intensity tree production.A large crop acreage is burned annually to remove plant refuse, stimulate regrowth, or both, including cereals and rice, sugarcane, bermudagrass, other grass pastures, and lowbush blueberries. Some diseases and insects are controlled by this agricultural burning, but the main purpose is removal of crop debris. Postharvest burning of grass seed fields in the Pacific Northwest controls ergot, blind seed disease, seed nematode, silver top, and some insects and greatly increases yields. Mobile field incinerators under development show promise for application of needed thermal sanitation at the soil surface with minimal smoke and particulate matter discharge. These machines, perhaps supplemented with flame, may sanitize fields for crops previously not burned, using plant refuse as the main or only fuel. Improved open burning or incinerator-flamer treatment, plus new chemicals, should provide better disease control than has been possible previously.'

Citation:
Hardison, J. R. 1976. Fire and disease, Proceedings Annual [15th] Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference: Pacific Northwest. Portland, OR. Tall Timbers Research, Inc.,Tallahassee, FL. p. 223-234,