This report offers findings and recommendations that address the threat of wildfires in forest and range ecosystems. The report is based on information gathered by the National Commision on Wildfire Disasters and is intended for policymakers at the federal, state, and local levels. Wildfire is an increasing threat in many regions of the United States, and has reached critical levels over large areas of the western states. The Los Angeles firestorm of 1993 is but one more reminder of the constant threat facing millions of acres and hundreds of communities. The question is no longer if policy-makers will face disastrous wildfires and their enormous costs, but when. The conditions on the land make wildfire not only highly likely, but also highly unmanageable. Fuel conditions are such that no amount of preparation, prevention, and suppresion can be relied upon to prevent disaster. Ignitions, whether by lightning, automobile exhaust, or arsonist, are, unforunately, going to occur. With great effort and good luck, most will be extinguished before they can turn into an unstoppable inferno. But some will inevitably escape, and when they do, it will be the condition of the landscape that is the most important in defining what damages are done.