Effects of cone scorching on germinability, and vigor of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia) seeds in Alberta
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): B. S.P. Wang; B. Downie; S. Wetzel; D. Palamarek; R. Hamilton
Publication Year: 1992

Cataloging Information

  • Alberta
  • Canada
  • Carya
  • cones
  • coniferous forests
  • fire frequency
  • fire intensity
  • germination
  • land management
  • Pinus contorta
  • Quercus nigra
  • regeneration
  • reproduction
  • seed dispersal
  • seed germination
  • seed production
  • seeds
  • site treatments
  • statistical analysis
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 36424
Tall Timbers Record Number: 10800
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Serotinous cones of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm.) from a large, relatively uniform, cone lot from a stand collection in Alberta were subjected to six different methods of opening the cone scales: (1) drying at 60oC for 16 hours in a conventional kiln, (2) drying at 60oC for 23 hours in a rotating drum kiln, (3) scorching at 220oC for 0.5 minute, for 1.0 minute (4), for 1.5 minutes (5), and for 2.0 minutes (6). Cones from treatments 3-6 were also subjected to drying in the rotating drum kiln, as in treatment 2, immediately after scorching. Seeds with the best overall vigour, ascertained from germination tests following accelerated ageing treatment for periods of 0, 3, 7, 12, 17, and 21 days followed by prechilling, were those extracted in the drum kiln from cones receiving up to and including 1.5 minutes of scorching. The 2.0 minute scorching treatment was associated with a significant decrease in the germinability and vigour of seeds and indications of a loss of membrane integrity. Seeds from the rotating drum kiln were superior in vigour when compared to those from the conventional kiln. This may be due to the fact that seeds released from cones during the drying cycle are able to drop free of the kiln environment in the drum kiln. In the conventional kiln seeds which fall from the cones are retained in the kiln for the full 16 hours drying treatment, possibly harming the seeds by prolonged exposure to the kiln environment.

Wang, B. S. P., B. Downie, S. Wetzel, D. Palamarek, and R. Hamilton. 1992. Effects of cone scorching on germinability, and vigor of lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia) seeds in Alberta. Seed Science and Technology, v. 20, p. 409-419.