Document


Title

Early vegetational succession following large Northern Rocky Mountain wildfires
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): L. J. Lyon; P. F. Stickney
Publication Year: 1976

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • adaptation
  • Arnica latifolia
  • ash
  • brush
  • Calamagrostis rubescens
  • catastrophic fires
  • Ceanothus velutinus
  • community ecology
  • coniferous forests
  • Dracocephalum parviflorum
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • ecotones
  • Epilobium angustifolium
  • ferns
  • fire adaptations (plants)
  • fire intensity
  • forbs
  • forest management
  • forest types
  • fruits
  • Geranium bicknellii
  • grasses
  • ground cover
  • habitat types
  • herbaceous vegetation
  • Idaho
  • land management
  • mineral soils
  • montane forests
  • mountains
  • national forests
  • natural areas management
  • perennial plants
  • plant communities
  • post fire recovery
  • Pteridium aquilinum
  • reforestation
  • regeneration
  • reproduction
  • Ribes
  • Rubus parviflorus
  • Salix scouleriana
  • sampling
  • season of fire
  • seeds
  • shrubs
  • species diversity (plants)
  • Spiraea betulifolia
  • succession
  • Symphoricarpos albus
  • understory vegetation
  • vegetation surveys
  • wilderness areas
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 36384
Tall Timbers Record Number: 10757
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Tall Timbers shelf
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

From the Summary and Conclusions ... 'Forest succession in the Northern Rocky Mountains is not an autogenic process in which initial seral plants modify the site to their own exclusion and permit the establishment of interseral and eventually climax species. Rather, succession is a sequential development of vegetation in which the more rapidly maturing and often shade-intolerant plants assume initial dominance and in turn are dominated by taller, slower growing, and often more shade-tolerant species.Data from three large wildfire burns show that a high percentage of plant species on site at the time of fire survive and reestablish on the burned area. The majority of recognizable survival adaptations are on-site plant parts and seeds or fruits, and these are the major source of early seral vegetation. The exception to this rule is supplied by a few species that have both an on-site survival strategy and airborne seeds.Whether plant community components are derived from on-site or off-site sources, however, it seems apparent that all dominants of early succession will become established in the initial postfire growing season.Thus, on the basis of either prefire or first-year community composition, it is possible to derive reliable estimates of probable composition during early succession. Further predictions, based on survival strategies and dominance potentials of various plant species in the community, make it possible to estimate probable structural configurations of the vegetation for the early successional period.'

Citation:
Lyon, L. J., and P. F. Stickney. 1976. Early vegetational succession following large Northern Rocky Mountain wildfires, Proceedings Annual [14th] Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference and Intermountain Fire Research Council Fire & Land Management Symposium. Missoula, MN. Tall Timbers Research, Inc.,Tallahassee, FL. p. 355-373,