Vegetation recovery in sedge meadow communities within the Red Bench Fire, Glacier National Park
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): E. E. Willard; R. H. Wakimoto; K. C. Ryan
Editor(s): S. Cerulean; R. T. Engstrom
Publication Year: 1995

Cataloging Information

  • Carex
  • Carex rostrata
  • cover
  • drainage
  • fire management
  • forbs
  • grasses
  • grasslands
  • grasslike plants
  • litter
  • peat fires
  • plant communities
  • plant growth
  • post fire recovery
  • regeneration
  • species diversity (plants)
  • wetlands
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 35752
Tall Timbers Record Number: 10079
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Tall Timbers shelf
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


The Red Bench Fire of 1988 was the most significant fire to occur within the North Fork of the Flathead River drainage since 1926. Several wet sedge meadows were burned within Glacier National Park. To determine the effects of fire on vegetation recovery in these sedge meadows, measurements were taken for 3 years postfire on permanent plots that included ground and vegetation cover, cover and constancy for individual plant species, vegetation similarity values, and plant community diversity. Percentages of bare ground decreased, while basal vegetative cover, total organic cover and litter cover increased. Graminoid cover remained relatively stable after the first year, while forb cover decreased. Carex rostrata rapidly increased in coverage and dominates the vegetative community. Two grasses and 7 forbs continued to increase in coverage during the period. Five graminoids and 8 forbs increased in constancy. Vegetation similarity values between years show that the plant community changed most the first year. Plant species vary considerably among plots. The average number of species per plot and species richness increased during the period. Overall diversity appears to have increased throughout the period.

Willard, E. E., R. H. Wakimoto, and K. C. Ryan. 1995. Vegetation recovery in sedge meadow communities within the Red Bench Fire, Glacier National Park, in Cerulean, S. and Engstrom, R. T., Proceedings 19th Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference. Fire in wetlands: a management perspective. Tallahassee, FL. Tall Timbers Research, Inc.,Tallahassee, FL. p. 102-110,