The following narrative recounts the personal experience and observations of a veteran practical woodsman, in the matter of fire control on a 50,000-acre tract of second-growth longleaf pine in Baldwin County, Ala. An introductory note by Prof. H.H. Chapman provides orientation. 'This article sets forth Mr. Simerly's conversion to the principle of controlled burning, and the methods by which he has achieved an outstanding success in its application. The changed conditions and increasing hazards brought about by fire exclusion, the loss of forage, the increased hostility of cattlemen, and the tendency on the part of settlers to fire the woods during the summer season instead of, as formerly, in the winter season, are presented as convincing reasons for adopting controlled burning on the Baldwin County tract. This tract not only constitutes what is probably the finest stand of this species of recent origin, but was until recently perhaps the most outstanding example of successful exclusion of fire from pole timber within the range of the species...' © Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, MD. Abstract reproduced by permission.