The Department of Interior is actively engaged in the smoke management business from two apparently opposite viewpoints. In one case we are trying to prevent or extinguish wildfires and minimize adverse effects on air quality as well as other resources. On the other hand we are setting prescribed fires to improve the site or habitat, reduce the potential of disastrous fires, and also minimize adverse effects on air quality as well as other resources. This seeming paradox in which we appear to be stomping out fires one day and touching them off the next has been hard to explain in a simplistic manner to certain segments of the public. The key, of course, is management, the judicious application of knowledge and skill to use the right practice at the right time and place.