This review analyzes literature relevant to effects of fire on the Boreal Forest, and on its related wildlife resources, with particular reference to the Canadian North. The selected bibliography contains the more recent and historicallv important references and is not all-inclusive. Because of a paucity of material pertinent to the forests of the Northwest and the Yukon territories, it has been necessary to extrapolate information from other areas. Alaskan publications have heen particularly useful. lt was concluded that fire is the most important factor influencing the ecology of the northern Boreal Forest; that fire and the resulting forest mosaic are natural features of long standing; and that the Boreal Forest can be characterized as a fire dependent ecosystem. Trees, other plants, birds, mammals, and other animals of the forest have evolved in response and adaptation to the frequency, extent, and intensity of fire. With some possible exceptions, a mosaic of varied successional stages in the Boreal Forest provides a richer habitat for a more varied and abundant fauna than does the monotypic spruce forest characteristic of unburned areas. Specific attention is given to fish, birds, and mammals-particularly to important species of game and furbearers-and to such characteristics of the northern forests as the presence of permafrost, the soils. and the characteristics of unique vegetation. The basic characteristics of different types of fires are also described.