Natural regeneration of longleaf pine
Document Type: Conference Paper
Author(s): W. D. Boyer; J. B. White
Editor(s): R. M. Farrar
Publication Year: 1990

Cataloging Information

  • Alabama
  • artificial regeneration
  • biomass
  • brush
  • buds
  • burning intervals
  • central Florida
  • clearcutting
  • coastal plain
  • competition
  • cones
  • cutting
  • diameter classes
  • distribution
  • dominance (ecology)
  • fire hazard reduction
  • fire injuries (plants)
  • fire intensity
  • fire protection
  • fire resistant plants
  • flatwoods
  • Florida
  • flowering
  • foliage
  • forest fragmentation
  • forest management
  • Georgia
  • grazing
  • ground cover
  • hardwoods
  • invasive species
  • litter
  • livestock
  • logging
  • longleaf pine
  • mineral soils
  • mortality
  • mosaic
  • mountains
  • needles
  • overstory
  • pine forests
  • Pinus palustris
  • pioneer species
  • plant diseases
  • plant growth
  • plant physiology
  • population ecology
  • regeneration
  • reproduction
  • roots
  • sampling
  • Scirrhia acicola
  • season of fire
  • seasonal activities
  • seed dispersal
  • seed dormancy
  • seed germination
  • seed production
  • seedlings
  • shelterwood
  • site treatments
  • size classes
  • stand characteristics
  • surface fires
  • thinning
  • understory vegetation
  • vegetation surveys
  • Virginia
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: August 8, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 34376
Tall Timbers Record Number: 8607
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: A13.88:SO-75
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Longleaf pine natural regeneration is a practical and inexpensive option for most existing longleaf pine forests, provided there is an adequate seed source and competition in the stand is controlled. The shelterwood system appears best suited to the requirements of the species. The final harvest takes place after the new stand is established, so the land is not out of production during the wait for a good seed crop. The shelterwood stand maximizes per-acre seed production, and produces sufficient needle litter to fuel fires hot enough to limit hardwood encroachment. Careful advance planning, annual monitoring of cone crops, annual regeneration surveys, and proper timing and execution of cultural treatments, including regeneration cuttings, are essential to success.

Boyer, W. D., and J. B. White. 1990. Natural regeneration of longleaf pine, in Farrar, R. M., Proceedings of the symposium on the management of longleaf pine. Long Beach, MS. USDA Forest Service, Southern Forest Experiment Station,New Orleans, LA. p. 94-113,General Technical Report SO-75.