Airborne studies of the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): P. V. Hobbs; L. F. Radke
Publication Year: 1992

Cataloging Information

  • air quality
  • C - carbon
  • CO2 - carbon dioxide
  • combustion
  • environmental impact analysis
  • gases
  • Kuwait
  • Middle East
  • particulates
  • radiation
  • S - sulfur
  • smoke behavior
  • smoke effects
  • SO2 - sulfur dioxide
  • soot
  • statistical analysis
  • wildfires
  • International
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: September 17, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 33975
Tall Timbers Record Number: 8164
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File
TTRS Abstract Status: Fair use, Okay, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Airborne studies of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires were carried out in the spring of 1991 when 4.6 million barrels of oil were burning per day. Emissions of sulfur dioxide were 57% of that from electric utilities in the United States; emissions of carbon dioxide were 2% of global emissions; emissions of soot were 3400 metric tons per day. The smoke absorbed 75 to 80% of the sun's radiation in regions of the Persian Gulf. However, the smoke probably had insignificant global effects because (i) particle emissions were less than expected (ii) the smoke was not as black as expected, (iii) the smoke was not carried high in the atmosphere, and (iv) the smoke had a short atmospheric residence time.

Online Link(s):
Hobbs, P. V., and L. F. Radke. 1992. Airborne studies of the smoke from the Kuwait oil fires. Science, v. 256, p. 987-991.