An outline of forest fire protection standards
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): H. W. Beall
Publication Year: 1949

Cataloging Information

  • Abies balsamea
  • adaptation
  • Betula papyrifera
  • biomass
  • Canada
  • coniferous forests
  • Cupressaceae
  • experimental areas
  • fire control
  • fire frequency
  • fire hazard reduction
  • fire injuries (plants)
  • fire protection
  • fire size
  • fire suppression
  • forest management
  • forest types
  • fuel loading
  • hardwood forests
  • hydrology
  • Larix laricina
  • Larix occidentalis
  • lightning
  • logging
  • national parks
  • Picea
  • pine forests
  • Pinus banksiana
  • Pinus contorta
  • Pinus monticola
  • Pinus resinosa
  • Pinus strobus
  • plant growth
  • Populus
  • Populus trichocarpa
  • post fire recovery
  • Pseudotsuga menziesii
  • recreation
  • statistical analysis
  • streams
  • topography
  • Tsuga canadensis
  • Tsuga heterophylla
  • wilderness fire management
  • wildfires
  • wildlife habitat management
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 33727
Tall Timbers Record Number: 7899
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Fire File DDW
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


A basic system of forest fire protection standards has been developed. Primary objectives are defined in terms of acceptable burned area. A method is described by which secondary objectives may be calculated in terms of elapsed-time for the performance of specific fire control operations, in order to meet burned area requirements. These objectives are presented in broad outline, and on a nation-wide basis. When applied to individual administrative units, some elaboration and modification may be necessary. Several lines along which local adaptation might be desirable are suggested. Owing to the great diversity of forest values and the great variation in accessibility of forest lands in Canada, the country has been divided into thirteen zones, within which acceptable average annual burning rates have been calculated for experimental, recreational, productive and non-productive forest areas, and for non-forested areas. Twenty-eight productive forest types are recognized. These burned area objectives take into account both values requiring protection and factors which affect the difficulty of protection. They have thus been determined on a basis compatible with the 'least loss' theory of fire control.© The Canadian Institute of Forestry/Institut forestier du Canada. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Link(s):
Beall, H. W. 1949. An outline of forest fire protection standards. Forestry Chronicle, v. 25, no. 2, p. 82-106.