Approaches to the conservation of coastal wetlands in the western hemisphere
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): K. L. Bildstein; G. T. Bancroft; P. J. Dugan; D. H. Gordon; R. Michael Erwin; E. Nol; L. X. Payne; S. E. Senner
Publication Year: 1991

Cataloging Information

  • agriculture
  • bibliographies
  • Brazil
  • Central America
  • Cladium jamaicense
  • climate change
  • coastal vegetation
  • conservation
  • disturbance
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • education
  • Eleocharis cellulosa
  • Eudocimus ruber
  • everglades
  • flatwoods
  • habitat types
  • habits and behavior
  • heat
  • hydrology
  • introduced species
  • Jabiru mycteria
  • marshlands
  • Mexico
  • minerals
  • mosaic
  • multiple resource management
  • national parks
  • natural resource legislation
  • nesting
  • nesting cover
  • Nicaragua
  • nitrogen
  • nongame birds
  • nutrients
  • organic matter
  • pesticides
  • phosphorus
  • pollution
  • population density
  • precipitation
  • public information
  • reproduction
  • runoff
  • salt marshes
  • sand dunes
  • seasonal activities
  • South America
  • south Florida
  • species diversity (animals)
  • species diversity (plants)
  • storms
  • swamps
  • toxicity
  • Trinidad and Tobago
  • Typha domingensis
  • vulnerable species or communities
  • wading birds
  • water
  • waterfowl
  • watershed management
  • weather observations
  • wetlands
  • wildlife
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 33613
Tall Timbers Record Number: 7779
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals-W
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Coastal wetlands rank among the most productive and ecologically valuable natural ecosystems on Earth. Unfortunately, they are also some of the most disturbed. Because they are productive and can serve as transporation arteries, coastal wetlands have long attracted human settlement. More than half of the U.S. population currently lives within 80 km of its coasts, and one estimate places 70% of all humanity in the coastal zone. Human impacts to coastal wetlands include physical alteration of hydrological processes; the introduction of toxic materials, nutrients, heat, and exotic species; and the unsustainable harvest of native species. Between 1950 and 1970, coastal wetland losses in the U.S. averaged 8100 ha/year. In Central and South America, development pressures along the coastal zone rank among the most serious natural resource problems in the region. Here, we (1) briefly desribe coastal wetland avifauna, (2) discuss the threat of global warming on coastal wetlands, (3) use several Western Hemisphere wetlands as site-specific examples of development pressures facing these habitats, and (4) provide synopses of non-governmental and governmental approaches to wetland conservation. Overall, we provide a socio-economic context for conservation of coastal wetlands in the Western Hemisphere. We suggest that efforts aimed at conserving sites of particular importance for their biological diversity should be pursued within a framework of wise use that addresses the broader issues of human population growth and economic development. ©1991 Wilson Ornithological Society. Abstract reproduced by permission.

Online Link(s):
Bildstein, K. L., G. T. Bancroft, P. J. Dugan, D. H. Gordon, R. M. Erwin, E. Nol, L. X. Payne, and S. E. Senner. 1991. Approaches to the conservation of coastal wetlands in the western hemisphere. Wilson Bulletin, v. 103, no. 2, p. 218-254.