A 40-acre longleaf pine plantation in central Louisiana established in 1935 was prescribe-burned January 1938, at which time brown-spot infection averaged 37 percent needle kill. It was burned a second time in February 1941. In July 1946, survival was the same as on a nearby unburned 60-acre plantation, but height growth on the burned platation was far superior. In the burned plantation, 64 percent of the living trees were above 4 1/2 feet in height as compared with 22 percent on the unburned. Much of the superior growth seems due to brown spot control by fire. © Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, MD. Abstract reproduced by permission.