Recent wildland fires in Australia, Canada, China, Indonesia, Mexico, the Soviet Union, and the United States have been threatening people and natural resources with increasing severity. The May 1987 wildfire in northeastern China, for example, reportedly burned more than 2 million acres, killed about 200 people, damaged 12,000 homes, and forced over 60,000 people to evacuate their homes. A new international focus on wildfire prevention and preparedness programs clearly will be a high priority to reduce the threat of fires to people, property, natural resources, and agricultural crops. Emerging initiatives to improve global cooperation in fire management from such programs as the International Wildland Fire Conference and the United Nations' Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction are explored. © Society of American Foresters, Bethesda, MD. Abstract reproduced by permission.