From the Summary: 'I have discussed the reaction and behavior of animals to fire, smoke and the resulting burnt ground along four general lines: (1) Avoidance response to fire and smoke; (2) Animals attracted to fire and smoke; (3) Animals relationships to blackened areas caused by fire; and (4) Animals attracted to greening burns. Space has not permitted a discussion of other aspects of fire and animal behavior. However, it is evident that many animals are adapted to a fire environment and that natural selection has been a major factor in such adaptation. Animals have certain mechanisms, such as infra-red detection, olfactory detection, sight, and possibly other unknown receptors or sensing organs that allow them to live safely in a fire environment; they are attracted to fire and smoke for food, warmth, protection, and mating (fire beetles and smoke-flies). The aspects of fire and animal behavior is a much neglected scientific endeavor, and it can be studied by experimental methods as well as by observational techniques. A knowledge of the radiations emitting from fire and smoke and their relation to the animal and plant life in fire environments is practially unknown. The reactions of animals, including man, to fire is a field of animal behavior that has been neglected. It is hoped that this discussion will stimulate such research.'