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Type: Fact Sheet / Brief / Bulletin
Author(s): Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center
Publication Date: 2017

When it comes to unnecessary risk and exposure to heat, smoke, fatigue, and noise, could you be a “Bad Ass” or a “Dumb Ass”? Maybe it’s time you put a pinch of practical in your tactical pause. George Broyles, Fire and Fuels Project Leader for the U.S. Forest Service’s National Technology and Development Program, is helping us on this important front. George has explored how these four areas (“Heat, Smoke, Fatigue and Noise”) all conspire against wildland firefighters. “They are so common in our work environment, we may not even consider them hazardous,” George warns. Also in this issue, Ted Adams, Assistant Supervisor on the Hells Canyon Wildland Fire Module on the Payette National Forest, shares his passion and talks about his efforts behind bridging the gap between research and the field.

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Link to this document (1.1 MB; pdf)
Citation: Wildland Fire Lessons Learned Center. 2017. Two More Chains: Low Hanging Fruit. Two More Chains 7(2):12p.

Cataloging Information

Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    National
  • fatigue
  • firefighter health
  • firefighter safety
  • heat stress
  • heat-related illness
  • LLC - Lessons Learned Center
  • noise
  • safety zone
  • smoke exposure
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 25405