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Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Hassani Youssouf; Catherine Liousse; Laurent Roblou; Eric-Michel Assamoi; Raimo O. Salonen; Cara Maesano; Soutrik Banerjee; Isabella Annesi-Maesano
Publication Date: 2014

Wildfires take a heavy toll on human health worldwide. Climate change may increase the risk of wildfire frequency. Therefore, in view of adapted preventive actions, there is an urgent need to further understand the health effects and public awareness of wildfires. We conducted a systematic review of non-accidental health impacts of wildfire and incorporated lessons learned from recent experiences. Based on the literature, various studies have established the relationship between one of the major components of wildfire, particulate matter (particles with diameter less than 10 µm (PM10) and less than 2.5 µm (PM2.5)) and cardiorespiratory symptoms in terms of Emergency Rooms visits and hospital admissions. Associations between wildfire emissions and various subclinical effects have also been established. However, few relationships between wildfire emissions and mortality have been observed. Certain segments of the population may be particularly vulnerable to smoke-related health risks. Among them, people with pre-existing cardiopulmonary conditions, the elderly, smokers and, for professional reasons, firefighters. Potential action mechanisms have been highlighted. Overall, more research is needed to better understand health impact of wildfire exposure.

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Citation: Youssouf, Hassani; Liousse, Catherine; Roblou, Laurent; Assamoi, Eric-Michael; Salonen, Raimo O.; Maesano, Cara; Banerjee, Soutrik; Annesi-Maesano, Isabella. 2014. Non-accidental health impacts of wildfire smoke. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 11(11):11772-11804.

Cataloging Information

Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    International    National
  • air quality
  • cardiorespiratory disease
  • diseases
  • fine particulate matter
  • fire management
  • health effects
  • health factors
  • health impacts
  • particulates
  • PM2.5
  • smoke effects
  • smoke management
  • wildfire exposure
  • wildfires
Tall Timbers Record Number: 31670Location Status: Not in fileCall Number: AvailableAbstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 25139

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by Tall Timbers and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of Tall Timbers.