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Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Brian K. Gullett; Dennis Tabor; Amelie Bertrand; Abderrahmane Touati
Publication Date: 2013

Both long duration (>6 h) and high temperature (up to 139 °C) sampling efforts were conducted using ambient air sampling methods to determine if either high volume throughput or higher than ambient air sampling temperatures resulted in loss of target polychlorinated dibenzodioxins/dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs) from a polyurethane foam (PUF) sorbent. Emissions from open burning of simulated military forward operating base waste were sampled using EPA Method TO-9A for 185 min duration using a filter/PUF/PUF in series combination. After a 54 m3 sample was collected, the sampler was removed from the combustion source and the second PUF was replaced with a fresh, clean PUF. An additional 6 h of ambient air sampling (171 m3) was conducted and the second PUF was analyzed to determine if the PCDD/PCDF transferred from the filter and the first PUF. Less than 4.4% of the initial PCDD/PCDF was lost to the second PUF. To assess the potential for blow off of PCDD/PCDF analytes during open air sampling, the mobility of spiked mono- to hepta-PCDD/PCDF standards across a PUF sorbent was evaluated from ambient air temperatures to 145 °C with total volumes between 600 L and 2400 L. Lower molecular weight compounds and higher flow amounts increased release of the spiked standards consistent with vapor pressure values. At 600 L total sampled volume, the release temperature for 1% of the tetra-CDD (the lowest chlorinated homologue with a toxic compound) was 87 °C; increasing the volume fourfold reduced this temperature to 73 °C.

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Citation: Gullett, Brain K.; Tabor, Dennis; Bertrand, Amelie; Touati, Abderrahmane. 2013. Quality control for sampling of PCDD/PCDF emissions from open combustion sources. Chemosphere 93(3):494-498.

Cataloging Information

Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    National
  • air quality
  • air samples
  • open burning
  • PCDD - polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins
  • PCDF - polychlorinated dibenzofurans
  • quality control
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 24467