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Type: Report
Author(s): US Government Accountability Office
Publication Date: 2017

Officials GAO interviewed from the five federal agencies responsible for wildland fire management-the Forest Service with in the Department of Agriculture and the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, Fish and Wildlife Service, and National Park Service with in the Department of the Interior-and nonfederal stakeholders , including state and local officials, homeowners, and representatives of nongovernmental organizations, identified several factors as affecting federal-nonfederal collaboration aimed at reducing wildland fire risk to communities. In some cases these factors were cited as enhancing collaboration, while in other cases they were cited as hindering it. Among the factors identified were federal authorities, agency initiatives, joint community-level planning, and others. For example, several officials and stakeholders cited laws such as the Good Neighbor Authority and Tribal Forest Protection Act of 2004 as enhancing collaboration because they provide federal and nonfederal entities the authority to work across jurisdictions on projects to reduce risk. In addition, several officials and stakeholders cited the 2014 National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy (Cohesive Strategy) as helpful for collaboration because it emphasizes the importance of coordination across multiple agencies and includes comprehensive fire management goals. In contrast, some officials and stakeholders said collaboration on certain types of projects was hindered by the difficulty in sharing project costs between federal and nonfederal entities.

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Link to this document (9.55 MB; pdf)
Citation: US Government Accountability Office. 2017. Wildland fire risk reduction: multiple factors affect federal-nonfederal collaboration, but action could be taken to better measure progress. GAO-17-357. 74 p.

Cataloging Information

Alaska    California    Eastern    Great Basin    Hawaii    Northern Rockies    Northwest    Rocky Mountain    Southern    Southwest    National
  • collaboration
  • fire risk
  • National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy (Cohesive Strategy)
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 24352