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Type: Journal Article
Author(s): John B. Graham; Brian C. McCarthy
Publication Date: 2006

Silvicultural treatments alter fuel dynamics in forested systems, which may alter fire regime. Effects of thinning and prescribed fire on forest-floor fuelswere studied in mixed-oak forests of south-eastern Ohio to examine fuel dynamics over time. Fuel characteristics were measured before, immediately after, and 3 years following fire and thinning treatments along 20-m transects (n=432) following Brown's planar intersect method. Measurements were taken to determine litter, duff, 1-h, 10-h, 100-h, and 1000-h sound (1000S) or rotten (1000R) fuel mass. Coarse woody debris (CWD) was sampled on 432 additional 80-m^2 belt-transects. Repeated-measures analysis of variance with post-hoc Bonferonni comparisons was used to analyse the change in the fuels over time. The specific effects of silvicultural treatments varied over time with changes in larger, sound fuels (1000S and CWD) persisting longer than changes to finer (litter, duff, 1-h, 10-h, and 100-h) or less-sound (1000R) fuels, which appear to be moretransient. Unlike in western North America where fuels accumulate over time, decomposition and productivity appear comparable in eastern mixed-oak forests. Aside from their impact on decomposition or productivity rates, silvicultural treatments appear to have little impact on fine-fuel loading in these systems.

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Link to this document (304 KB; full text; pdf)
Citation: Graham, John B.; McCarthy, Brian C. 2006. Forest floor fuel dynamics in mixed-oak forests of south-eastern Ohio. International Journal of Wildland Fire 15(4):479-488.

Cataloging Information

  • central Appalachian Mountains
  • CWD - coarse woody debris
  • deciduous forests
  • decomposition
  • disturbance
  • duff
  • FFS - Fire and Fire Surrogate Study
  • fire management
  • fire regimes
  • forest management
  • fuel accumulation
  • fuel loading
  • fuel management
  • fuel treatments
  • hardwood forest
  • heavy fuels
  • litter
  • oak
  • Ohio
  • Quercus
  • silviculture
  • surface fuels
  • thinning
  • woody fuels
Tall Timbers Record Number: 20934Location Status: In-fileCall Number: Journals-IAbstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission
JFSP Project Number(s):
  • 99-S-01
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 226

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by Tall Timbers and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of Tall Timbers.