Document


Title

A natural fire experiment in central Russia: meteorology, radiative and optical properties of atmosphere and resulting effects on sub-boreal forest plants
Document Type: Conference Proceedings
Author(s): Nataly Y. Chubarova; Nickolay G. Prilepsky; Natalia N. Uliumdzhieva; Alla Y. Yurova; Pavel Y. Zhmylev; Elizaveta A. Karpuhina; Allen R. Riebau; Anna W. Shoettle; Robert Musselman; Brian E. Potter; Alexei N. Rublev
Publication Year: 2003

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • aerosols
  • Africa
  • air quality
  • Alnus incana
  • Alnus spp.
  • biogeography
  • boreal forest
  • Brazil
  • climatology
  • ecology
  • experimental fire
  • fire injuries (plants)
  • fire management
  • gases
  • geography
  • heat
  • herbaceous vegetation
  • humidity
  • JFSP - Joint Fire Science Program
  • light
  • microclimate
  • mortality
  • ozone
  • phenology
  • Physocarpus spp.
  • plant ecology
  • plant physiology
  • radiation
  • Russia
  • Sambucus racemosa
  • smoke behavior
  • smoke effects
  • smoke management
  • telemetry
  • US Forest Service
  • weather observations
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 2186
Tall Timbers Record Number: 16490
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

July through September 2002 in Central Russia was characterized by severe fire smoke conditions that led to high concentrations of atmospheric aerosols and gaseous species. A combination of a unique meteorological regime exacerbated the occurrence of the fire events in Moscow area and led to smoke conditions in Moscow itself. During the smoke episode, a complex program of aerosol, several gaseous species, and broadband solar radiation measurements was in operation at Meteorological Observatory of Moscow State University (MOMSU) and at its site in a Moscow suburb (50km to the west) at the MSU Zvenigorod biostation. During the same time a complex program of observations of forest herbaceous plant phenology and induced plant injury has been in operation at Zvenigorod. We analyzed this unique smoke intrusion event from both an atmospheric and plant ecology consequence viewpoint. In this study we examined several aspects of the observed fires: the conditions in which they occurred, their direct influence on air quality, specific features of radiation transmittance and radiative effects in fire smoke conditions. These effects may in turn intensify forest fires via additional absorption of solar irradiance that lead to the changes of temperature gradients in the boundary layer and, hence, additional increase of the atmosphere stability. We also analyzed the indirect effect of forest fire on plant injury, which deals with the changes in air composition (increase in surface ozone concentration). Finally, the corresponding changes in forest herbaceous plant phenology, which occurred in the area with extremely high fire indices and large potential of forest fires were examined.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Chubarova, Nataly Y.; Prilepsky, Nickolay G.; Uliumdzhieva, Natalia N.; Yurova, Alla Y.; Zhmylev, Pavel Y.; Karpuhina, Elizaveta A.; Riebau, Al; Shoettle, Anna W.; Musselman, R.; Potter, Brian E.; Rublev, Alexei N. 2003. A natural fire experiment in central Russia: meteorology, radiative and optical properties of atmosphere and resulting effects on sub-boreal forest plants. 5th Symposium on Fire and Forest Meteorology. Nov 16-20, 2003. Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society.