The Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge in interior Alaska undertook a prescribed burning program in 1985. Fire is considered a natural part of the boreal ecosystem, necessary to maintain the diversity of the habitat. Usually this is accomplished by using managed wildland fires to maintain a near natural fire regime in remote areas. The Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge was surveyed for areas where prescribed fire might be an appropriate tool. The Buttes Gap Site was one of the four potential areas selected. The refuge with the assistance of the Alaska Fire Service, developed, implemented and executed the Buttes Gap Prescribed Burn Plan. Our experience, evaluation and conclusion may be helpful to others interested in using fire for management purposes.