[from the text] Land managers and officials need to understand the diverse public opinions toward smoke from wildland fires; however, a very limited amount of research has been conducted on this topic. Hence, land and fire managers are largely uncertain about society's willingness to tolerate smoke in the short-term for long-term benefits, and they need effective ways to describe the likely smoke outcomes of alternative fire management programs (e.g., prescribed burning treatments vs. suppression) and why these programs serve the public interest (Potter et al., 2007). Information about values, attitudes, and beliefs can be used to inform land management decisions and tailor public communication strategies that better align with local and regional perspectives. Additionally, there has been a recent call from the fire management community to improve the scientific understanding of how people value personal health and ecosystem health, notably where fire, climate change and increasing populations are interconnecting (Riebau & Fox, 2010). This chapter provides a brief overview of the research that has been conducted to date on public perceptions of smoke.