This project will combine methods from multiple disciplines to provide new applied research for timely and policy relevant wildland fire and natural resource management issues. We propose research to address the tension between allocating fuel treatments to reduce risk to values within the wildland urban interface (WUI) rather than to reduce risk to ecological values within the forest. We will conduct landscape risk assessments using social and community vulnerability, ecosystem services, and economic values at risk to wildfire to describe the tradeoffs inherent in prioritizing fuel treatments. We will assess the spatial congruence of values at risk and treatment priorities to determine if certain win-win areas of the study landscape are important regardless of value preference. Furthermore, we will create a portable method to assess social and community vulnerability to wildfire hazards, test the Integrated Valuation of Ecosystem Services and Tradeoffs (InVEST) suite of models and compare them to two models used within the wildfire management community, and demonstrate bi-criteria optimization to facilitate tradeoff analyses, all while operating in a cost-effectiveness framework to maximize the effectiveness of fuel treatment resources.