A modified line transect census technique was employed to monitor incidences of savanna hares (Lepus crawshayi de Winton) and large- and medium-sized predators in the pre- and post-burn habitats. Hare and medium-sized predator incidences increased significantly following burning with over 300 and 124% increases by hares and predators, respectively. A highly significant inverse relationship existed between the nightly incidences of hares and medium-sized predators but no such relationship was observed with large predators. The incidences of large predators apparently were unaffected by the habitat modification by fire, although two species disappeared in the post-burn conditions. Nine hares were preyed upon in 34 nights, out of these only one occurred before the burn. Birds of prey exerted more predatory pressure than other predators in the area. The ecological implications of grassland fires on hare habitats and subsequent influence on hare population response and predation, are outlined.