Fires, forests, and tribes in the northern Philippines: cultural and ecological perspectives
Document Type: Conference Proceedings
Author(s): Sharon Codamon-Quitzon
Editor(s): Stephen C. Nodvin; Thomas A. Waldrop
Publication Year: 1991

Cataloging Information

  • agriculture
  • burning intervals
  • croplands
  • cultural use of fire
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • education
  • fire control
  • fire management
  • forest burning
  • forest management
  • human caused fires
  • incendiary fires
  • learning events
  • mountains
  • Philippines
  • Philippines
  • sampling
  • season of fire
  • site treatments
  • subwatersheds
  • watershed management
  • wildfires
  • International
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 16166
Tall Timbers Record Number: 8464
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: A13.88:SE-69
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


The study was exploratory. The researcher utilized participant observation, case study, and interview-discussion methods to gather data. Purposive stratified multi-stage sampling guided initial selection of 103 respondents in 3 groups: kaingineros, school teachers, and government officials. The study is an attempt to explain forest burning from the perspective of the fire-setter. It is the first of a series of investigations that interpret forest burning as a lifeway of a people who inhabit a rugged environment and who possess a unique socio-cultural temperament. Specifically, research focused upon the forest fire-setting behavior of the Ifugao, an ethnic tribe in the Cordilleras, a mountain range in Northern Philippines. This paper reports impacts of socio-culturally sanctioned indigenous forest burning practices the local economy, ecology, and society. Central to the issue of forest burning is the highly institutionalized Ifugao practice of muyung, or inherited private ownership of forests. Muyung greatly complicates governmental efforts to promote forest fire control, sound forest management, and sustainable forest development in Ifugao.

Online Link(s):
Codamon-Quitzon, Sharon. 1991. Fires, forests, and tribes in the northern Philippines: cultural and ecological perspectives. Pages 414-417. In: Nodvin, Stephen C.; Waldrop, Thomas A. (editors). Fire and the environment: ecological and cultural perspectives. General Technical Report SE-GTR-69. Asheville, NC: USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station.