Document


Title

Fire effects on nutrient pools of woodland floor materials and soils in a pinyon-juniper ecosystem
Document Type: Conference Proceedings
Author(s): Jeffrey M. Klopatek; Carole C. Klopatek; Leonard F. DeBano
Editor(s): Stephen C. Nodvin; Thomas A. Waldrop
Publication Year: 1991

Cataloging Information

Keyword(s):
  • Arizona
  • biomass
  • carbon
  • carbon storage
  • duff
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • fire injuries (plants)
  • fire intensity
  • forest management
  • herbaceous vegetation
  • Juniperus
  • Kaibab National Forest
  • litter
  • mineralization
  • minerals
  • mortality
  • mosaic
  • N - nitrogen
  • national forests
  • nutrient cycling
  • nutrient pools
  • nutrients
  • overstory
  • pH
  • pine forests
  • Pinus edulis
  • pinyon-juniper ecology
  • sampling
  • shrubs
  • soil nutrients
  • soil organic matter
  • soil temperature
  • soils
  • statistical analysis
  • temperature
  • vegetation surveys
  • wildfires
Region(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 16108
Tall Timbers Record Number: 8433
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: A13.88:SE-69
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.

Description

The total pools of carbon and nitrogen in the liner, duff, and soil compartments were quantified in a mature pinyon-juniper woodland. One hectare of the woodland was burned in a fire similar to a severe wildfire, where almost all aboveground vegetation was killed. Soil temperatures reached as high as 325 degrees C at 5 cm below the soil surface. The total nutrient pools were again quantified after fire indicating significant losses of both C and N from forest floor material. The litter loss of C was as high as 92 percent and N loss was as high as 88 percent. Loss of C from the duff layer was estimated from 78-80 percent, while nitrogen loss was 75 percent. Soil N displayed a slight, significant increase under canopy, but not in the interspaces. The greatest initial effect was the reduction of the C/N ratios favoring mineralization. The total amount of C and N lost from the woodland was 12.6 Mg/ha C and 167 kg/ha N.

Online Link(s):
Citation:
Klopatek, Jeffrey M.; Klopatek, Carole Coe; DeBano, Leonard F. 1991. Fire effects on nutrient pools of woodland floor materials and soils in a pinyon-juniper ecosystem. Pages 154-159. In: Nodvin, Stephen C.; Waldrop, Thomas A. (editors). Fire and the environment: ecological and cultural perspectives. General Technical Report SE-GTR-69. Asheville, NC: USDA Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station. 429 p.