This conference provided a forum in which resource specialists, managers, researchers, and other interested people could share their collective experiences, opinions, and informational needs on 1) the effects of fire on the resources, and 2) fire management in the Madrean Province ecosystems. The conference presenters also updated the state-of-knowledge on these subjects. A group discussion toward the conclusion of the conference considered the perceived fire management and research needs in the Madrean Province ecosystems. The participants considered these needs in relation to ecosystem functioning, social-economic-cultural factors, prescribed burning programs, and environmental issues. A summary of this discussion is presented here.