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Type: Journal Article
Author(s): Bernard Porterie; S. Nicolas; Jean-Louis Consalvi; Jean-Claude Loraud; Frédérique Giroud; Claude Picard
Publication Date: 2005

A 3-D computational fluid dynamics model is used to estimate the thermal impact on structures exposed to fire in the urban interface. The burning of vegetation is represented by a well-adjusted gas burner diffusion flame. This article examines two situations, depending on which modes of heat transfer from the flame are considered. Model predictions reveal how the presence of the structure modifies the dynamic flow pattern, which in turn may cause the overattachment of the fire plume to the structure and then the enhancement of thermal impact. Numerical results, including flame geometry, are found to be consistent with experimental observations.

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Citation: Porterie, Bernard; Nicolas, S.; Consalvi, Jean-Louis; Loraud, Jean-Claude; Giroud, Frédérique; Picard, Claude. 2005. Modeling thermal impact of wildland fires on structures in the urban interface. Part 1: radiative and convective components of flames representative of vegetation fires. Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications: An International Journal of Computation and Methodology 47(5):471-489.

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  • CFD - Computational Fluid Dynamics
  • structure ignition
Record Last Modified:
Record Maintained By: FRAMES Staff (
FRAMES Record Number: 13496