Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change
Document Type: Journal Article
Author(s): F. M. Yuan; Shuhua Yi; A. David McGuire; K. D. Johnson; Jingjing Liang; Jennifer W. Harden; Eric S. Kasischke; Werner A. Kurz
Publication Year: 2012

Cataloging Information

  • air temperature
  • assessment
  • black spruce
  • boreal forest
  • British Columbia
  • C - carbon
  • Canada
  • carbon stock
  • climate change
  • climate warming
  • CO2 - carbon dioxide
  • coniferous forests
  • deciduous forests
  • ecosystem dynamics
  • fire frequency
  • fire management
  • fire regimes
  • fire size
  • forest management
  • mineral soil
  • N - nitrogen
  • organic soils
  • Picea glauca
  • Picea mariana
  • soil nutrients
  • soil organic matter
  • statistical analysis
  • vegetation surveys
  • white spruce
  • wildfires
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 13444
Tall Timbers Record Number: 28128
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Call Number: Journals - E
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Carbon (C) dynamics of boreal forest ecosystems have substantial implications for efforts to mitigate the rise of atmospheric CO2 and may be substantially influenced by warming and changing wildfire regimes. In this study we applied a large-scale ecosystem model that included dynamics of organic soil horizons and soil organic matter characteristics of multiple pools to assess forest C stock changes of the Yukon River Basin (YRB) in Alaska, USA, and Canada from 1960 through 2006, a period characterized by substantial climate warming and increases in wildfire. The model was calibrated for major forests with data from long-term research sites and evaluated using a forest inventory database. The regional assessment indicates that forest vegetation C storage increased by 46 Tg C, but that total soil C storage did not change appreciably during this period. However, further analysis suggests that C has been continuously lost from the mineral soil horizon since warming began in the 1970s, but has increased in the amorphous organic soil horizon. Based on a factorial experiment, soil C stocks would have increased by 158 Tg C if the YRB had not undergone warming and changes in fire regime. The analysis also identified that warming and changes in fire regime were approximately equivalent in their effects on soil C storage, and interactions between these two suggests that the loss of organic horizon thickness associated with increases in wildfire made deeper soil C stocks more vulnerable to loss via decomposition. Subbasin analyses indicate that C stock changes were primarily sensitive to the fraction of burned forest area within each subbasin and that boreal forest ecosystems in the YRB are currently transitioning from being sinks to sources at 0.7% annual area burned. We conclude that it is important for international mitigation efforts focused on controlling atmospheric CO2 to consider how climate warming and changes in fire regime may concurrently affect the CO2 sink strength of boreal forests. It is also important for large-scale biogeochemical and earth system models to include organic soil dynamics in applications to assess regional C dynamics of boreal forests responding to warming and changes in fire regime.

Online Link(s):
Yuan, F.-M.; Yi, S.-H.; McGuire, A. David; Johnson, K.D.; Liang, Jingjing; Harden, Jennifer W.; Kasischke, Eric S.; Kurz, Werner A. 2012. Assessment of boreal forest historical C dynamics in the Yukon River Basin: relative roles of warming and fire regime change. Ecological Applications 22(8):2091-2109.