The success of fuel management in helping achieve wildland fire management goals is dependent first upon having realistic expectations. Second, the benefits of fuel management can be realized only when treatments are applied at the appropriate scale to the appropriate source of the problem(s). Scales range from the site- or stand-level to landscape-level, but apply differently for purposes of benefiting wildland values than for increasing home survivability. Lastly, accomplishing the broad goals for fuel management requires understanding how proposed treatments directly contribute to solving specific problems. This process of finding solutions to fire problems is framed in terms of 'fire risk management' or reduction of 'expected loss.' This conceptually depicts the way that treatments can influence fire behavior and thus produce benefits by reducing losses and it avoids the unrealistic expectations that fuel management will stop wildfires and prevent homes from burning.