Heat transfer and fire spread
Document Type: Report
Author(s): Hal E. Anderson
Publication Year: 1969

Cataloging Information

  • burning rate
  • chemistry
  • convection
  • experimental fires
  • fire management planning
  • fire research
  • flame length
  • fuel moisture
  • fuel types
  • heat
  • heat flux
  • heat transfer
  • humidity
  • ignition
  • litter
  • lodgepole pine
  • pine
  • Pinus contorta
  • Pinus monticola
  • Pinus ponderosa
  • ponderosa pine
  • population density
  • radiation
  • rate of spread
  • statistical analysis
  • temperature
  • western white pine
Partner Site(s):
Record Maintained By:
Record Last Modified: June 1, 2018
FRAMES Record Number: 12658
Tall Timbers Record Number: 7663
TTRS Location Status: In-file
TTRS Abstract Status: Okay, Fair use, Reproduced by permission

This bibliographic record was either created or modified by the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy and is provided without charge to promote research and education in Fire Ecology. The E.V. Komarek Fire Ecology Database is the intellectual property of the Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.


Experimental testing of a mathematical model showed that radiant heat transfer accounted for no more than 40% of total heat flux required to maintain rate of spread. A reasonable prediction of spread was possible by assuming a horizontal convective heat transfer coefficient when certain fuel and flame characteristics were known. Fuel particle size had a linear relation to residence time of the flame while fuel bed porosity influenced burning rate. Burning regimes of liquid pool fires (turbulent, transitional, and laminar) appeared to also apply to moving fires in solid fuels.

Online Link(s):
Anderson, Hal E. 1969. Heat transfer and fire spread. Research Paper INT-RP-69. Ogden, Utah: USDA Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station. 20 p.