Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 31 - 40 of 255

We present a lake-sediment record of pre-Columbian agriculture and fire history from the lowlands of southern Pacific Costa Rica that captures the arrival of maize agriculture at ca. 3360 cal yr BP in the Diquís subregion of the Gran Chiriquí...

Person: Johanson, Horn, Lane
Year: 2019
Type: Document

The high-resolution Adriatic RF93-30 core shows changes in its microcharcoal record, which correlate to terrestrial fires from the last 7000 years. Pollen and microcharcoals were transported by wind and fluvial transport from the sedimentary basin,...

Person: Mercuri, Florenzano, Terenziani, Furia, Dallai, Torri
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Paleofire studies frequently discount the impact of human activities in past fire regimes. Globally, we know that a common pattern of anthropogenic burning regimes is to burn many small patches at high frequency, thereby generating landscape...

Person: Roos, Williamson, Bowman
Year: 2019
Type: Document

A multiproxy study from Sweeton Pond, Ozark County, Missouri, USA, provides a high-resolution 1900-year-long history of vegetation and fire in the southern Missouri Ozarks, where the modern vegetation is oak-hickory (Quercus-Carya) forest. Pollen and...

Person: Nanavati, Grimm
Year: 2019
Type: Document

In the Orinoco Llanos, archaeological studies indicate a continuous late Holocene human occupation, including the development of ranked societies, from about 1,500 year bp (ad 500) However, until now palaeoecological studies dealing with the impact of...

Person: Leal, Gassón, Behling, Sánchez
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Use of fire has been recognized for a long time as a key innovation in the development of human groups, as a multisource technological improvement. Fuel wastes recovered from archeological sites are the direct evidence of the fire use in society...

Person: Fermé, Civalero
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Questions: We investigated the changing role of climate, forest fires and human population size in the broad‐scale compositional changes in Holocene vegetation dynamics before and after the onset of farming in Sweden (at 6,000 cal yr BP) and in Finland...

Person: Kuosmanen, Marquer, Tallavaara, Molinari, Zhang, Alenius, Edinborough, Pesonen, Reitalu, Renssen, Trondman, Seppa
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Climatic change that occurred during the Holocene is often recognized as the main factor for explaining fire dynamics, while the influence of human societies is less apparent. In eastern North America, human influence on fire regime before European...

Person: Blarquez, Talbot, Paillard, Lapointe-Elmrabti, Pelletier, St-Pierre
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Fire use has played an important role in human evolution and subsequent dispersals across the globe, yet the relative importance of human activity and climate on fire regimes is controversial. This is particularly true for historical fire regimes of...

Person: Roos, Zedeño, Hollenback, Erlick
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Archaeological and paleoecological studies demonstrate that human-caused fires have long-term influences on terrestrial and atmospheric systems, including the transformation of “wild” landscapes into managed, agricultural landscapes. Sedimentary...

Person: Snitker
Year: 2018
Type: Document