Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 1 - 10 of 247

Indigenous land stewardship and mixed-severity fire regimes both promote landscape heterogeneity, and the relationship between them is an emerging area of research. In our study, we reconstructed the historical fire regime of Ne Sextsine, a 5900-ha dry...

Person: Copes-Gerbitz, Daniels, Hagerman
Created Year: 2022
Type: Document

The primary focus of this paper is to examine the extent to which the pattern of Neandertal fire use in southwest France occurred at other times and places during the European Late Pleistocene. In previous studies, both direct and indirect data showed...

Person: Abdolahzadeh, McPherron, Sandgathe, Schurr, Olszewski, Dibble
Created Year: 2022
Type: Document

Globally, fire is a primary agent for modifying environments through the long-term coupling of human and natural systems. In southern Africa, control of fire by humans has been documented since the late Middle Pleistocene, though it is unclear when or...

Person: Davies, Power, Braun, Douglass, Mosher, Quick, Esteban, Sealy, Parkington, Faith
Created Year: 2022
Type: Document

Motivation: Rapid climate change is altering plant communities around the globe fundamentally. Despite progress in understanding how plants respond to these climate shifts, accumulating evidence suggests that disturbance could not only modify expected...

Person: Napier, Chipman
Created Year: 2022
Type: Document

The relative importance of climate change and human activities in influencing regional fire regimes during the Holocene is still a matter of debate. The introduction of agriculture during the Neolithic provides an opportunity to examine the impact of...

Person: Sweeney, Harrison, Vander Linden
Created Year: 2022
Type: Document

Humans have influenced global fire activity for millennia and will continue to do so into the future. Given the long-term interaction between humans and fire, we propose a collaborative research agenda linking archaeology and fire science that...

Person: Snitker, Roos, Sullivan, Maezumi, Bird, Coughlan, Derr, Gassaway, Klimaszewski-Patterson, Loehman
Created Year: 2022
Type: Document

This study describes a multivariate statistical model (derived using partial least squares regression, PLS-R) that derives charring intensity (reaction temperature and duration) from the attenuated total reflectance (ATR) Fourier Transform Infrared (...

Person: Constantine, Mooney, Hibbert, Marjo, Bird, Cohen, Forbes, McBeath, Rich, Stride
Created Year: 2021
Type: Document

In a changing world where the frequency of natural hazards is increasing, the consequences of disasters on cultural heritage assets are still not well understood. This can be attributed to shortcomings in existing risk management practices and to the...

Person: Figueiredo, Paupério, Romão
Created Year: 2021
Type: Document

Millenia of sustainable, low intensity land use have formed the cultural landscapes of central Europe. Studies from the Central Alps show that mountain pastures also look back onto many thousand years of land use history. In this palynological and...

Person: Gilck, Poschlod
Created Year: 2021
Type: Document

Background: Wildfires of uncharacteristic severity, a consequence of climate changes and accumulated fuels, can cause amplified or novel impacts to archaeological resources. The archaeological record includes physical features associated with human...

Person: Friggens, Loehman, Constan, Kneifel
Created Year: 2021
Type: Document