Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 1 - 10 of 163

This study describes a multivariate statistical model (derived using partial least squares regression, PLS-R) that derives charring intensity (reaction temperature and duration) from the attenuated total reflectance (ATR) Fourier Transform Infrared (...

Person: Constantine, Mooney, Hibbert, Marjo, Bird, Cohen, Forbes, McBeath, Rich, Stride
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Millenia of sustainable, low intensity land use have formed the cultural landscapes of central Europe. Studies from the Central Alps show that mountain pastures also look back onto many thousand years of land use history. In this palynological and...

Person: Gilck, Poschlod
Year: 2021
Type: Document

The creation and modification of landscape patterns through interactions among people and the environment is a defining focus in the discipline of geography. Here, we contribute to that tradition by placing 500 years of red pine (Pinus resinosa) tree-...

Person: Larson, Kipfmueller, Johnson
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Climate change is allowing fire to expand into previously unburnt ecosystems and regions. While management policies such as fire suppression have significantly altered their frequency and intensity. To prevent future biodiversity/ecosystem services...

Person: Hawthorne, Colombaroli, Mitchell
Year: 2021
Type: Document

The intersection of expanding human development and wildland landscapes—the “wildland–urban interface” or WUI—is one of the most vexing contexts for fire management because it involves complex interacting systems of people and nature. Here, we document...

Person: Roos, Swetnam, Ferguson, Liebmann, Loehman, Welch, Margolis, Guiterman, Hockaday, Aiuvalasit, Battillo, Farella, Kiahtipes
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Climatic conditions exert an important influence on wildfire activity in the western United States; however, Indigenous farming activity may have also shaped the local fire regimes for millennia. The Fish Lake Plateau is located on the Great Basin–...

Person: Carter, Brunelle, Power, DeRose, Bekker, Hart, Brewer, Spangler, Robinson, Abbott, Maezumi, Codding
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Charcoal analysis, applied in sediment facies analysis of the Pecora river palaeochannel (Tyrrhenian southern Tuscany, Italy), detected the occurrence of past fire events in two different fluvial landforms at 800–450 BC and again at AD 650–1300. Taking...

Person: Buonincontri, Pieruccini, Susini, Lubritto, Ricci, Rey, Tinner, Colombaroli, Drescher-Schneider, Dallai, Marasco, Poggi, Bianchi, Hodges, Di Pasquale
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Context

Though people have used fire to alter landscapes across North America for millennia, there remains a debate whether Native Americans altered California’s mountainous forests to create an anthropogenic landscape.

Objective

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Person: Klimaszewski-Patterson, Mensing
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Warm summer temperatures and longer fire seasons are promoting larger, and in some cases, more fires that are severe in low- and mid-elevation, dry mixed-conifer forests of the Northern Rocky Mountains (NRM). Long-term historical fire conditions and...

Person: McWethy, Alt, Argiriadis, Battistel, Everett, Pederson
Year: 2020
Type: Document

In Australia, the drivers of precolonial fire regimes remain contentious, with some advocating an anthropogenic-dominated regime, and others highlighting the importance of climate, climatic variability or alternatively some nexus between climate and...

Person: Mooney, Hope, Horne, Kamminga, Williams
Year: 2020
Type: Document