Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 11 - 20 of 103

Here, we show that the last century of fire suppression in the western U.S. has resulted in fire intensities that are unique over more than 900 years of record in ponderosa pine forests (Pinus ponderosa). Specifically, we use the heat-sensitive...

Person: Roos, Rittenour, Swetnam, Loehman, Hollenback, Liebmann, Rosenstein
Year: 2020
Type: Document

In order to fully appreciate the role that fire, both natural and anthropogenic, had in shaping pre-Euro-American settlement landscapes in the Pacific Northwest (PNW), it is necessary to develop a more robust method of evaluating paleofire...

Person: Walsh, Duke, Haydon
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Mountain tropical forests of the Southern Maya Area (Pacific Chiapas and Guatemala, El Salvador, and Northern Honduras) predominantly comprise pine and oak formations, which form intricate mosaics and complex successional interactions following large–...

Person: Harvey, Nogué, Stansell, Petrokofsky, Steinman, Willis
Year: 2019
Type: Document

In the Orinoco Llanos, archaeological studies indicate a continuous late Holocene human occupation, including the development of ranked societies, from about 1,500 year bp (ad 500) However, until now palaeoecological studies dealing with the impact of...

Person: Leal, Gassón, Behling, Sánchez
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Questions: We investigated the changing role of climate, forest fires and human population size in the broad‐scale compositional changes in Holocene vegetation dynamics before and after the onset of farming in Sweden (at 6,000 cal yr BP) and in Finland...

Person: Kuosmanen, Marquer, Tallavaara, Molinari, Zhang, Alenius, Edinborough, Pesonen, Reitalu, Renssen, Trondman, Seppa
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Climatic change that occurred during the Holocene is often recognized as the main factor for explaining fire dynamics, while the influence of human societies is less apparent. In eastern North America, human influence on fire regime before European...

Person: Blarquez, Talbot, Paillard, Lapointe-Elmrabti, Pelletier, St-Pierre
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Fire use has played an important role in human evolution and subsequent dispersals across the globe, yet the relative importance of human activity and climate on fire regimes is controversial. This is particularly true for historical fire regimes of...

Person: Roos, Zedeño, Hollenback, Erlick
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Fire is a natural component of global biogeochemical cycles and closely related to changes in human land use. Whereas climate-fuel relationships seem to drive both global and subcontinental fire regimes, human-induced fires are prominent mainly on a...

Person: Dietze, Theuerkauf, Bloom, Brauer, Dörfler, Feeser, Feurdean, Gedminienė, Giesecke, Jahns, Karpińska-Kołaczek, Kołaczek, Lamentowicz, Latałowa, Marcisz, Obremska, Pędziszewska, Poska, Rehfeld, Stančikaitė, Stivrins, Święta-Musznicka, Szal, Vassiljev, Veski, Wacnik, Weisbrodt, Wiethold, Vannière, Słowiński
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Fire has shaped the environment and has been important for human cultural development. In this paper, we propose to study past fire events using ecological modelling. For instance, the ecology of fire can help us to understand and interpret...

Person: Burry, Palacio, Somoza, Trivi de Mandri, Lindskoug, Marconetto, D'Antoni
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Agro-pastoral activities in the past act as environmental legacy and have shaped the current cultural landscape in the European Alps. This study reports about prehistoric fire incidents and their impact on the flora and vegetation near the village of...

Person: Dietre, Walser, Kofler, Kothieringer, Hajdas, Lambers, Reitmaier, Haas
Year: 2017
Type: Document