Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 1 - 10 of 65

Climate change is allowing fire to expand into previously unburnt ecosystems and regions. While management policies such as fire suppression have significantly altered their frequency and intensity. To prevent future biodiversity/ecosystem services...

Person: Hawthorne, Colombaroli, Mitchell
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Climatic conditions exert an important influence on wildfire activity in the western United States; however, Indigenous farming activity may have also shaped the local fire regimes for millennia. The Fish Lake Plateau is located on the Great Basin–...

Person: Carter, Brunelle, Power, DeRose, Bekker, Hart, Brewer, Spangler, Robinson, Abbott, Maezumi, Codding
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Indigenous land use and climate have shaped fire regimes in southeast Australia during the Holocene, although their relative influence remains unclear. The archaeologically attested mid-Holocene decline in land-use intensity on the Furneaux Group...

Person: Adeleye, Haberle, Connor, Stevenson, Bowman
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Motivation: Rapid climate change is altering plant communities around the globe fundamentally. Despite progress in understanding how plants respond to these climate shifts, accumulating evidence suggests that disturbance could not only modify expected...

Person: Napier, Chipman
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Context

Though people have used fire to alter landscapes across North America for millennia, there remains a debate whether Native Americans altered California’s mountainous forests to create an anthropogenic landscape.

Objective

...

Person: Klimaszewski-Patterson, Mensing
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Warm summer temperatures and longer fire seasons are promoting larger, and in some cases, more fires that are severe in low- and mid-elevation, dry mixed-conifer forests of the Northern Rocky Mountains (NRM). Long-term historical fire conditions and...

Person: McWethy, Alt, Argiriadis, Battistel, Everett, Pederson
Year: 2020
Type: Document

This work introduces a methodology for assessing near-future fire weather pattern changes based on the Canadian Fire Weather Index system components (Fire Weather Index (FWI), Initial Spread Index (ISI), Fire Severity Rating (FSR)), applied in...

Person: Varela, Vlachogiannis, Sfetsos, Politi, Karozis
Year: 2020
Type: Document

In Australia, the drivers of precolonial fire regimes remain contentious, with some advocating an anthropogenic-dominated regime, and others highlighting the importance of climate, climatic variability or alternatively some nexus between climate and...

Person: Mooney, Hope, Horne, Kamminga, Williams
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Disentangling the role of natural and anthropogenic factors is a major challenge in paleofire studies. Here, we introduce the molecular biomarkers of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs), combined with charcoal and black carbon in sediments of...

Person: Tan, Wu, Han, Zhang, Mao, Li, Liu, Su, Yan
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Charcoal records are now widely used to reconstruct past burning activity as there is an increasing global interest in understanding the complex interactions between fire, climate, vegetation and human activity. However, this topic has been relatively...

Person: Tsakiridou, Hardiman, Grant, Lincoln, Cunningham
Year: 2020
Type: Document