Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 1 - 10 of 11

As fire is increasingly used as a restoration and management tool throughout the Pacific Northwest (PNW), it is important to understand the factors influencing historical fire regimes. For ecosystems with long histories of human activity, this requires...

Person:
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Fire control and conservation is a major innovation of early prehistory. It is evidenced on Early Palaeolithic sites in western Eurasia dating to between 400 and 300 ka. In southern Italy, a large group of open-air Acheulean sites, dated from 680 to...

Person: Lebreton, Bertini, Ermolli, Stirparo, Orain, Vivarelli, Combourieu-Nebout, Peretto, Arzarello
Year: 2019
Type: Document

In order to fully appreciate the role that fire, both natural and anthropogenic, had in shaping pre-Euro-American settlement landscapes in the Pacific Northwest (PNW), it is necessary to develop a more robust method of evaluating paleofire...

Person: Walsh, Duke, Haydon
Year: 2019
Type: Document

The archaeology of fire is a developing field. One challenge centers on equifinality: distinguishing the affects of wildfire versus anthropogenic fire. Especially where evidence for control of fire by humans in the early Pleistocene remains debated,...

Person: Cutts, Hlubik, Campbell, Muschinski, Akuku, Braun, Patterson, O'Brien, Garrison, Harris
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Mountain tropical forests of the Southern Maya Area (Pacific Chiapas and Guatemala, El Salvador, and Northern Honduras) predominantly comprise pine and oak formations, which form intricate mosaics and complex successional interactions following large–...

Person: Harvey, Nogué, Stansell, Petrokofsky, Steinman, Willis
Year: 2019
Type: Document

We present a lake-sediment record of pre-Columbian agriculture and fire history from the lowlands of southern Pacific Costa Rica that captures the arrival of maize agriculture at ca. 3360 cal yr BP in the Diquís subregion of the Gran Chiriquí...

Person: Johanson, Horn, Lane
Year: 2019
Type: Document

The high-resolution Adriatic RF93-30 core shows changes in its microcharcoal record, which correlate to terrestrial fires from the last 7000 years. Pollen and microcharcoals were transported by wind and fluvial transport from the sedimentary basin,...

Person: Mercuri, Florenzano, Terenziani, Furia, Dallai, Torri
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Paleofire studies frequently discount the impact of human activities in past fire regimes. Globally, we know that a common pattern of anthropogenic burning regimes is to burn many small patches at high frequency, thereby generating landscape...

Person: Roos, Williamson, Bowman
Year: 2019
Type: Document

A multiproxy study from Sweeton Pond, Ozark County, Missouri, USA, provides a high-resolution 1900-year-long history of vegetation and fire in the southern Missouri Ozarks, where the modern vegetation is oak-hickory (Quercus-Carya) forest. Pollen and...

Person: Nanavati, Grimm
Year: 2019
Type: Document

In the Orinoco Llanos, archaeological studies indicate a continuous late Holocene human occupation, including the development of ranked societies, from about 1,500 year bp (ad 500) However, until now palaeoecological studies dealing with the impact of...

Person: Leal, Gassón, Behling, Sánchez
Year: 2019
Type: Document