Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 51 - 60 of 121

Aim Despite small and transient populations, early Maori transformed large areas of New Zealand's forest landscapes. We sought to isolate the biophysical predictors that explain forest loss in the pre-historic (i.e. pre-European) period in New...

Person: Perry, Wilmshurst, McGlone, Napier
Year: 2012
Type: Document

From the text ... 'Aboriginal man's ecological impact was mostly due to hunting, gathering of plants, and fire. By far the greatest effects were caused by the use of fire.'

Person: Jones
Year: 2012
Type: Document

The nature and scale of pre-Columbian land use and the consequences of the 1492 ''Columbian Encounter'' (CE) on Amazonia are among the more debated topics in New World archaeology and paleoecology. However, pre-Columbian human...

Person: Iriarte, Power, Rostain, Mayle, Jones, Watling, Whitney, Mckey
Year: 2012
Type: Document

At the time of Māori settlement, ca. 750 years ago, New Zealand's ecosystems experienced catastrophic change, including the introduction of fire to ignition-limited ecosystems and the resulting widespread loss of forest. While high-resolution...

Person: Perry, Wilmshurst, McGlone, McWethy, Whitlock
Year: 2012
Type: Document

Moorlands perform a wide variety of roles within modern society. A vital component of these landscapes is the patterning of vegetation, and management of this requires a thorough understanding of the drivers of vegetation change. Although there has...

Person: Fyfe, Woodbridge
Year: 2012
Type: Document

Disentangling the effects of climate change and anthropogenic activities on the environment is a major challenge in paleoenvironmental research. Here, we used fecal sterols and other biogeochemical compounds in lake sediments from northern Norway to...

Person: D'anjou, Bradley, Balascio, Finkelstein
Year: 2012
Type: Document

Concepts which are common in the reconstruction of fire histories are employed here for the purpose of interpreting fires identified at archaeological sites. When attempting to evaluate the fire history of ancient occupations we are limited by the...

Person: Alperson-Afil
Year: 2012
Type: Document

The timing of the human control of fire is a hotly debated issue, with claims for regular fire use by early hominins in Africa at ~1.6 million y ago. These claims are not uncontested, but most archaeologists would agree that the colonization of areas...

Person: Roebroeks, Villa
Year: 2011
Type: Document

Palaeoecology may contribute to the debate on nature conservation and the preservation of cultural heritage. Here we present two palaeo-records from the Lore Lindu Biosphere Reserve and National Park in central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The park comprises...

Person: Kirleis, Pillar, Behling
Year: 2011
Type: Document

Relationships between vegetation, climate and disturbance are likely to be altered in the near future as a result of changes in both climate and human impacts on ecosystems. These changes could trigger species losses and distribution shifts in...

Person: Blarquez, Bremond, Carcaillet
Year: 2010
Type: Document