Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 11 - 20 of 121

The lack of scientific information about the effects of wildfire on prehistoric structures and rock art, such as dolmens and petroglyphs, impedes the development of conservation guidelines. In this study, the impact of a recent wildfire (late 2017) on...

Person: Pozo-Antonio, Sanmartín, Serrano, de la Rosa, Miller, Sanjurjo-Sánchez
Year: 2020
Type: Document

In Australia, the drivers of precolonial fire regimes remain contentious, with some advocating an anthropogenic-dominated regime, and others highlighting the importance of climate, climatic variability or alternatively some nexus between climate and...

Person: Mooney, Hope, Horne, Kamminga, Williams
Year: 2020
Type: Document

The Changbai Mountains forest ecosystem is one of the best-preserved temperate mountain forest ecosystems in Asia. Since the establishment of the reserve in 1960, extensive forest fires have been excluded as a result of strict regulation and...

Person: Meng, Jie, Li, Li, Liu, Gao, Wang, Niu, Liu, Zhang
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Disentangling the role of natural and anthropogenic factors is a major challenge in paleofire studies. Here, we introduce the molecular biomarkers of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs), combined with charcoal and black carbon in sediments of...

Person: Tan, Wu, Han, Zhang, Mao, Li, Liu, Su, Yan
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Fire is an integral part of almost all ecosystems on Earth and an important factor in shaping our surroundings. Based on pedoanthracological research, we have reconstructed part of the past landscape and the paleoenvironmental context in an area that...

Person: Lindskoug, Villafañez
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Charcoal records are now widely used to reconstruct past burning activity as there is an increasing global interest in understanding the complex interactions between fire, climate, vegetation and human activity. However, this topic has been relatively...

Person: Tsakiridou, Hardiman, Grant, Lincoln, Cunningham
Year: 2020
Type: Document

This study presents three records of environmental change during the late-Holocene from wetlands across Bentinck Island in the South Wellesley Islands, northern Australia. Radiometric dating provided ages for sediment cores with the longest chronology...

Person: Mackenzie, Moss, Ulm
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Fire control and conservation is a major innovation of early prehistory. It is evidenced on Early Palaeolithic sites in western Eurasia dating to between 400 and 300 ka. In southern Italy, a large group of open-air Acheulean sites, dated from 680 to...

Person: Lebreton, Bertini, Ermolli, Stirparo, Orain, Vivarelli, Combourieu-Nebout, Peretto, Arzarello
Year: 2019
Type: Document

The archaeology of fire is a developing field. One challenge centers on equifinality: distinguishing the affects of wildfire versus anthropogenic fire. Especially where evidence for control of fire by humans in the early Pleistocene remains debated,...

Person: Cutts, Hlubik, Campbell, Muschinski, Akuku, Braun, Patterson, O'Brien, Garrison, Harris
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Mountain tropical forests of the Southern Maya Area (Pacific Chiapas and Guatemala, El Salvador, and Northern Honduras) predominantly comprise pine and oak formations, which form intricate mosaics and complex successional interactions following large–...

Person: Harvey, Nogué, Stansell, Petrokofsky, Steinman, Willis
Year: 2019
Type: Document