Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 1 - 10 of 13

This study describes a multivariate statistical model (derived using partial least squares regression, PLS-R) that derives charring intensity (reaction temperature and duration) from the attenuated total reflectance (ATR) Fourier Transform Infrared (...

Person: Constantine, Mooney, Hibbert, Marjo, Bird, Cohen, Forbes, McBeath, Rich, Stride
Year: 2021
Type: Document

The high-resolution Adriatic RF93-30 core shows changes in its microcharcoal record, which correlate to terrestrial fires from the last 7000 years. Pollen and microcharcoals were transported by wind and fluvial transport from the sedimentary basin,...

Person: Mercuri, Florenzano, Terenziani, Furia, Dallai, Torri
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Paleofire studies frequently discount the impact of human activities in past fire regimes. Globally, we know that a common pattern of anthropogenic burning regimes is to burn many small patches at high frequency, thereby generating landscape...

Person: Roos, Williamson, Bowman
Year: 2019
Type: Document

Questions: We investigated the changing role of climate, forest fires and human population size in the broad‐scale compositional changes in Holocene vegetation dynamics before and after the onset of farming in Sweden (at 6,000 cal yr BP) and in Finland...

Person: Kuosmanen, Marquer, Tallavaara, Molinari, Zhang, Alenius, Edinborough, Pesonen, Reitalu, Renssen, Trondman, Seppa
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Archaeological and paleoecological studies demonstrate that human-caused fires have long-term influences on terrestrial and atmospheric systems, including the transformation of “wild” landscapes into managed, agricultural landscapes. Sedimentary...

Person: Snitker
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Fire is a natural component of global biogeochemical cycles and closely related to changes in human land use. Whereas climate-fuel relationships seem to drive both global and subcontinental fire regimes, human-induced fires are prominent mainly on a...

Person: Dietze, Theuerkauf, Bloom, Brauer, Dörfler, Feeser, Feurdean, Gedminienė, Giesecke, Jahns, Karpińska-Kołaczek, Kołaczek, Lamentowicz, Latałowa, Marcisz, Obremska, Pędziszewska, Poska, Rehfeld, Stančikaitė, Stivrins, Święta-Musznicka, Szal, Vassiljev, Veski, Wacnik, Weisbrodt, Wiethold, Vannière, Słowiński
Year: 2018
Type: Document

Fire has shaped the environment and has been important for human cultural development. In this paper, we propose to study past fire events using ecological modelling. For instance, the ecology of fire can help us to understand and interpret...

Person: Burry, Palacio, Somoza, Trivi de Mandri, Lindskoug, Marconetto, D'Antoni
Year: 2018
Type: Document

At the time of Māori settlement, ca. 750 years ago, New Zealand's ecosystems experienced catastrophic change, including the introduction of fire to ignition-limited ecosystems and the resulting widespread loss of forest. While high-resolution...

Person: Perry, Wilmshurst, McGlone, McWethy, Whitlock
Year: 2012
Type: Document

Summary1. Relationships between vegetation, climate and disturbance are likely to be altered in the near future as a result of changes in both climate and human impacts on ecosystems. These changes could trigger species losses and distribution shifts...

Person: Blarquez, Bremond, Carcaillet
Year: 2010
Type: Document

During the next few decades, a considerable portion of the productive boreal forest in Canada will be harvested and there is an excellent opportunity to use forest management activities (e.g., harvesting, regeneration, stand tending) to alter the...

Person: Engstrom, Galley, de Groot, Hirsch, Kafka, Todd
Year: 2004
Type: Document