Fire and Archaeology

Displaying 1 - 10 of 98

The primary focus of this paper is to examine the extent to which the pattern of Neandertal fire use in southwest France occurred at other times and places during the European Late Pleistocene. In previous studies, both direct and indirect data showed...

Person: Abdolahzadeh, McPherron, Sandgathe, Schurr, Olszewski, Dibble
Year: 2022
Type: Document

This study describes a multivariate statistical model (derived using partial least squares regression, PLS-R) that derives charring intensity (reaction temperature and duration) from the attenuated total reflectance (ATR) Fourier Transform Infrared (...

Person: Constantine, Mooney, Hibbert, Marjo, Bird, Cohen, Forbes, McBeath, Rich, Stride
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Millenia of sustainable, low intensity land use have formed the cultural landscapes of central Europe. Studies from the Central Alps show that mountain pastures also look back onto many thousand years of land use history. In this palynological and...

Person: Gilck, Poschlod
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Climate change is allowing fire to expand into previously unburnt ecosystems and regions. While management policies such as fire suppression have significantly altered their frequency and intensity. To prevent future biodiversity/ecosystem services...

Person: Hawthorne, Colombaroli, Mitchell
Year: 2021
Type: Document

Charcoal analysis, applied in sediment facies analysis of the Pecora river palaeochannel (Tyrrhenian southern Tuscany, Italy), detected the occurrence of past fire events in two different fluvial landforms at 800–450 BC and again at AD 650–1300. Taking...

Person: Buonincontri, Pieruccini, Susini, Lubritto, Ricci, Rey, Tinner, Colombaroli, Drescher-Schneider, Dallai, Marasco, Poggi, Bianchi, Hodges, Di Pasquale
Year: 2020
Type: Document

In Australia, the drivers of precolonial fire regimes remain contentious, with some advocating an anthropogenic-dominated regime, and others highlighting the importance of climate, climatic variability or alternatively some nexus between climate and...

Person: Mooney, Hope, Horne, Kamminga, Williams
Year: 2020
Type: Document

The Changbai Mountains forest ecosystem is one of the best-preserved temperate mountain forest ecosystems in Asia. Since the establishment of the reserve in 1960, extensive forest fires have been excluded as a result of strict regulation and...

Person: Meng, Jie, Li, Li, Liu, Gao, Wang, Niu, Liu, Zhang
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Disentangling the role of natural and anthropogenic factors is a major challenge in paleofire studies. Here, we introduce the molecular biomarkers of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs), combined with charcoal and black carbon in sediments of...

Person: Tan, Wu, Han, Zhang, Mao, Li, Liu, Su, Yan
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Fire is an integral part of almost all ecosystems on Earth and an important factor in shaping our surroundings. Based on pedoanthracological research, we have reconstructed part of the past landscape and the paleoenvironmental context in an area that...

Person: Lindskoug, Villafañez
Year: 2020
Type: Document

Charcoal records are now widely used to reconstruct past burning activity as there is an increasing global interest in understanding the complex interactions between fire, climate, vegetation and human activity. However, this topic has been relatively...

Person: Tsakiridou, Hardiman, Grant, Lincoln, Cunningham
Year: 2020
Type: Document